Mary Harris “Mother” Jones is arrested while leading a protest of conditions in West Virginia mines. Abolitionist Frederick Douglass born into slavery near Easton, Md. 12,000 Hollywood writers returned to work following a largely successful three-month strike. Jimmy Hoffa born in Brazil, Ind. Susan B. Anthony, suffragist, abolitionist, labor activist, born in Adams, Mass. Diamond Mine disaster in Braidwood, Ill. Sixty-three sit-down strikers, demanding recognition of their union, are tear-gassed and driven from two Fansteel Metallurgical Corp. plants in Chicago.
Rosa Parks is born in Tuskeege, Ala. President Bill Clinton signs the Family and Medical Leave Act. Seattle General Strike begins. Hockey players formed the NHL Players Association. Vigilantes beat IWW organizers. Wobbly activist Tom Mooney convicted in bombing frame-up. Forty workers killed on Staten Island, N.Y., when a huge storage tank filled with liquefied gas explodes.
First U.S. unemployment compensation law enacted. Dolly Parton hits number one with "9 to 5." FDR born in Hyde Park, N.Y. Ida M. Fuller is the first retiree to receive a Social Security check. The federal minimum wage increases to $1.60 per hour. Legal secretary Iris Rivera fired for refusing to make coffee. Explosion at a Thiokol chemical plant kills 29 workers.
750,000 steel workers walk out in 30 states. New York City tenants battle police to prevent evictions. 10,000 clothing workers strike in Rochester, N.Y. Krueger’s Cream Ale, the first canned beer, goes on sale. Sojourner Truth addresses first Black Women’s Rights convention. Samuel Gompers, first AFL president, born. Eldon Avenue Axle Plant Revolutionary Union Movement leads a wildcat strike against racism and bad working conditions.
PA Superior Court rules bosses can fire workers for being gay. Martin Luther King Jr. born. Former UAW President Leonard Woodcock dies. Lucy Parsons leads hunger march in Chicago. "Take This Job and Shove It" listed by Billboard magazine as the most popular song in the U.S. American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) founded. Mickey Mantle signs a new contract making him the highest paid player in baseball.