Ellis Island closes. The Holland Tunnel opens. Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers Union activist Karen Silkwood killed. Women's Trade Union League founded. The National Football League Players Association ends a 57-day strike. Post Office Department sets limit of 200 lbs. a day shipped by any one customer. Seattle printers refuse to print anti-labor ad in newspaper.
Eugene V. Debs born. Eugene Pottier dies in Paris at 71. Eisenhower uses Taft-Hartley Act to break steel strike. 20,000 workers, Black and White, stage general strike in New Orleans. Sit-down strike begins at Austin, Minn., Hormel plant. Edmund Fitzgerald lost in a storm on Lake Superior. Haymarket martyrs hanged.
Japanese immigrant and labor advocate Katsu Goto is strangled to death. Wall Street crashes. The fishing boat Andrea Gail is caught in ferocious storm and lost at sea with her crew of six. Mt. Rushmore is completed in Keystone, S.D. Thirty-seven Black striking Louisiana sugar workers are murdered. Eugene V. Debs receives nearly a million votes for president while imprisoned.
"Pretty Boy" Floyd is killed by FBI agents. Postal workers Joseph Curseen and Thomas Morris die after inhaling anthrax. 40-hour work week goes into effect under FLSA. First formal training of miners by Dr. Matthew J. Shields. Erie Canal opens. NYC subway opens. Union organizer and anarchist Luisa Capetillo is born.
Woodrow Wilson signs the Clayton Antitrust Act. Abolitionist John Brown leads attack on the Harper's Ferry ammunition depot. The London Beer Flood! "Salt of the Earth" strike begins. New York City agrees to pay women school teachers equal to men. Eugene V. Debs dies. Wisconsin dairy farmers strike during the Great Depression.